MobaXterm is the recommended login tool for Windows users.  It bundles a tabbed ssh client, a graphical drag-and-drop sftp client, and an X11 window server for Windows, all in one easy-to-use package.  Some other tools included are a simple text editor with syntax coloring and several useful Unix utlities such as cd, ls, grep, and others, so that you can run a lightweight Linux environment on your local machine as well as use it to log in to a remote system.  You can download the Home version, Installer edition.

When you start MobaXterm you can create a new session, restart a saved one, or attach to an existing one.  To start a new one, begin with ssh. 


You can prevent premature ssh timeouts by accessing Settings->SSH and making sure the box labeled "SSH keepalive" is checked.



When you start an ssh session, MobaXterm will automatically start an sftp session with a file browser.  You can double click files on the remote host and they will open if the appropriate application is found on your local computer.



MobaXterm by default automatically allows X11 to pass through ssh; no special options are required when you log in.  You can run individual X11 (graphical) applications simply by starting them.  Remember to type an ampersand (&) at the end of the command.  For example, to edit a simple text file using gedit, type

gedit &

at the prompt.

This can be slow, especially off Grounds, so for extensive work with graphical applications you may prefer FastX.

When you are logged in to a Unix system such as Rivanna, MobaXterm will utilize the Unix X11 convention for cut and paste.  Hightlighting text with the left mouse button selects it automatically.  Clicking the middle mouse button pastes it.  If you do not have a middle mouse button or scroll wheel, such as on a laptop, clicking both left and right buttons simultaneously emulates a middle mouse button.